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31 October 2011

Four Long Words and a New One (The Four Longest words in English)


In English, like in other areas in life, does size matters?

THE LONGEST WORD IN ENGLISH
The longest word in English is “pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis.”  To turn the word into plural, just change the “i” into an “e.” It is a lung disease caused by inhalation of very fine silicate or quartz dust.  However, this word is more famous for being the longest English word than for the actual disease itself.

Example:
Rob is suffering from pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis.
However, I suspect that he inhaled enough fine silica dust because he tried saying pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis many times while walking on a sand dune on a windy day.


If I spend my days breaking glass into tiny microscopic bits without a mask or I work daily using sandblasting equipment, then I may contract this disease.  Silica as you may know is used for making glass. 

THE LONGEST NON-MEDICAL WORD IN ENGLISH
The longest non-medical word in English is “floccinaucinihilipilification" with 29 letters. Oxford Dictionary defines it as “the action or habit of estimating something as worthless.”  The word has its origin in the mid eighteenth century.

Example: [the word is conjugated]
At the auction, Rob floccinaucinihilipilificated most of the items on display. This shocked many antique owners because they have never met anyone who actively engages in floccinaucinihilipilification. They have met people who underestimated the value of something but never like this.

The second place goes to “antidisestablishmentarianism,” which has 28 letters. It means “opposition to the disestablishment of the Church of England.” [Oxford Dictionary] Frankly, I have never met anyone who believes in antidisestablishmentarianism.

THE LONGEST NAME IN ENGLISH
The longest English name is “Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch,” which is a name of a place in Whales.  Do not bother pronouncing it unless you’re going there.

THE NEWEST WORD IN PHILIPPINE ENGLISH
I am currently making the longest English word in Philippine English.  It will take time because you cannot just make words.  A legitimate word in English needs a root word, preferably from a dead language or ancient language like Latin or Greek. Then it must have the standard affixes.  So far I made one and it has 16 letters only.

The new word is “malinridiousness [noun],” from the Latin word “inrideo,” which means to laugh, to mock or to ridicule. It contains the prefix “mal” which means wrong or false and the suffixes “ous” and “ness.”  The new word means “the act of falsely ridiculing or mocking someone who does not deserve it.” The verb form is malinrify; the adjective is malindrious; the adverb is malindriously,


Examples:

The comedian malinrified one woman in the audience.  He thought she was fat but she was actually pregnant.
The statement that the Senator made was malindrious.

Now, I have been malinrified so many times in the past that I thought I invent a word for it. Shakespeare was right "Revenge should have no bounds." [From Hamlet]




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