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06 February 2012

Writing: The Proper Places of Time and Place Markers (Adverbs of Place and Time)

By Rob San Miguel

Place and time markers [or adverb of place and time] are usually placed at the end of a sentence. Remember PT [Place first, then Time]

1.     Some non-native English speakers learn English in school [place] during their elementary years [time].
2.     Males have to join the military service in Korea when they reach legal age.
You may place these markers at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence if the time or the place is more important than other information in the sentence. You just have to be careful with the nouns and pronouns. Be sure you make the necessary adjustments.

  • When they males reach legal age, males they have to join the military service in Korea. *This means the time is more important than the action [join] and the place [in Korea]. The emphasis is on “when males reach legal age.”
  • In Korea, males have to join the military service when they reach legal age. *The emphasis is on the place [in Korea]
  • In Korea, when males reach legal age, they have to join the military service. *The emphasis is on the place and time
Sometimes, reason is also included.
Males have to join the military service in Korea when they reach legal age because it is mandated by law.

The same guideline applies.
  • Because it is mandated by law, males have to join the military service in Korea when they reach legal age. (The emphasis is on the reason that is why it is placed before the subject.)
  • Males have to join the military service because, in Korea, it is mandated by law when they reach legal age.  (In this sentence, place [in Korea] is more important than the reason.  This style is grammatically acceptable but it presents many problems, especially if you forget to put the right punctuation.  In addition, the pronoun "they" is problematic. Who are "they?" It is better to replace "they" with the word "males.")


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(Hinihikayat ng “Teapot” (Tsarera) ang mga mambabasa na tumutok lamang sa mga isyung pinag-uusapan sa pagkomento o pagpuna. Hindi namin pinapayagan ang napakaruming wika at personal na pag-atake sa sinumang indibidwal. Maari lamang punahin ang aksiyon at paniniwala ng isang publikong indibidwal. Istrikto naming sinasala ang mga taong nagkokomento at tanging ang mga komento mula sa mambabasa na ginagamit ang buong pangalan ang aming ipapaskil. Kaakibat din ng kalayaan sa pananalita ang responsibilidad. Gusto naming alisin ang mga luko-luko mula sa kritikal at malayang mag-isip. Maraming salamat po.)

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